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Definizioni Chiare spiegazioni della lingua inglese reale scritta e parlata. Fai clic sulle frecce per modificare il verso della traduzione.
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Choose your language. I miei elenchi di parole. Vai ai tuoi elenchi di parole. Commenta questa frase di esempio:. La parola nella frase di esempio non corrisponde alla parola in oggetto.
La frase include contenuti offensivi. Cancella Invia. Your feedback will be reviewed. A2 [ C or U ] material that is in the state of burning that produces flames that send out heat and light , and might produce smoke :.
Animals are usually afraid of fire. The fire was started by children playing with matches. The library was badly damaged in the fire.
How many historic buildings are damaged by fire each year? B1 [ C ] a small controlled fire that is used for heating or cooking :.
It's very cold in here - should I light a fire? We built a fire on the beach. We put up our tents and made a small fire.
B1 If something is on fire, it is burning when it should not be:. If your home was on fire and you could save only one thing, what would it be?
Sinonimi ablaze. If you're cold just put the fire on. Both buildings were badly affected by the fire. My cat likes dozing in front of the fire.
The fire was thought to have been caused by a gas explosion. The dry weather has increased the risk of brush fires.
The flames grew larger as the fire spread. C2 [ U ] the shooting of guns or other weapons :. A A is a robot made with modern technology.
Convert part of the EP into HP. Rafael Rafael is a deadly killer. Laura Laura is an outstanding special agent. Moco Moco is an outstanding hacker.
Tag the enemies that Moco shot for a few seconds. Wukong The Monkey King is Here! Camouflage: Turn into a Bush. Antonio Antonio was an orphan who grew up to be a gangster.
The photo of the forest fire in Canada is an excellent example of this variation. Near the ground, where most burning is occurring, the fire is white, the hottest color possible for organic material in general, or yellow.
Above the yellow region, the color changes to orange, which is cooler, then red, which is cooler still.
Above the red region, combustion no longer occurs, and the uncombusted carbon particles are visible as black smoke. The common distribution of a flame under normal gravity conditions depends on convection , as soot tends to rise to the top of a general flame, as in a candle in normal gravity conditions, making it yellow.
In micro gravity or zero gravity ,  such as an environment in outer space , convection no longer occurs, and the flame becomes spherical, with a tendency to become more blue and more efficient although it may go out if not moved steadily, as the CO 2 from combustion does not disperse as readily in micro gravity, and tends to smother the flame.
There are several possible explanations for this difference, of which the most likely is that the temperature is sufficiently evenly distributed that soot is not formed and complete combustion occurs.
In combustion engines , various steps are taken to eliminate a flame. The method depends mainly on whether the fuel is oil, wood, or a high-energy fuel such as jet fuel.
It is true that objects at specific temperatures do radiate visible light. See the section on red heat for more about this effect.
It is a misconception that one can judge the temperature of a fire by the color of its flames or the sparks in the flames.
Barium nitrate burns a bright green, for instance, and this is not present on the heat chart. The "adiabatic flame temperature" of a given fuel and oxidizer pair indicates the temperature at which the gases achieve stable combustion.
Every natural ecosystem has its own fire regime , and the organisms in those ecosystems are adapted to or dependent upon that fire regime.
Fire creates a mosaic of different habitat patches, each at a different stage of succession. The ability to control fire was a dramatic change in the habits of early humans.
Making fire to generate heat and light made it possible for people to cook food, simultaneously increasing the variety and availability of nutrients and reducing disease by killing organisms in the food.
Fire also kept nocturnal predators at bay. Evidence of cooked food is found from 1. Fire has also been used for centuries as a method of torture and execution, as evidenced by death by burning as well as torture devices such as the iron boot , which could be filled with water, oil , or even lead and then heated over an open fire to the agony of the wearer.
By the Neolithic Revolution , [ citation needed ] during the introduction of grain-based agriculture, people all over the world used fire as a tool in landscape management.
These fires were typically controlled burns or "cool fires", [ citation needed ] as opposed to uncontrolled "hot fires", which damage the soil.
Hot fires destroy plants and animals, and endanger communities. This is especially a problem in the forests of today where traditional burning is prevented in order to encourage the growth of timber crops.
Cool fires are generally conducted in the spring and autumn. They clear undergrowth, burning up biomass that could trigger a hot fire should it get too dense.
They provide a greater variety of environments, which encourages game and plant diversity. For humans, they make dense, impassable forests traversable.
Another human use for fire in regards to landscape management is its use to clear land for agriculture. Slash-and-burn agriculture is still common across much of tropical Africa, Asia and South America.
Growing population, fragmentation of forests and warming climate are making the earth's surface more prone to ever-larger escaped fires.
These harm ecosystems and human infrastructure, cause health problems, and send up spirals of carbon and soot that may encourage even more warming of the atmosphere — and thus feed back into more fires.
Globally today, as much as 5 million square kilometres — an area more than half the size of the United States — burns in a given year.
There are numerous modern applications of fire. In its broadest sense, fire is used by nearly every human being on earth in a controlled setting every day.
Users of internal combustion vehicles employ fire every time they drive. Thermal power stations provide electricity for a large percentage of humanity.
The use of fire in warfare has a long history. Fire was the basis of all early thermal weapons. Homer detailed the use of fire by Greek soldiers who hid in a wooden horse to burn Troy during the Trojan war.
Later the Byzantine fleet used Greek fire to attack ships and men. In the First World War , the first modern flamethrowers were used by infantry, and were successfully mounted on armoured vehicles in the Second World War.
In the latter war, incendiary bombs were used by Axis and Allies alike, notably on Tokyo, Rotterdam, London, Hamburg and, notoriously, at Dresden ; in the latter two cases firestorms were deliberately caused in which a ring of fire surrounding each city [ citation needed ] was drawn inward by an updraft caused by a central cluster of fires.
The United States Army Air Force also extensively used incendiaries against Japanese targets in the latter months of the war, devastating entire cities constructed primarily of wood and paper houses.
The use of napalm was employed in July , towards the end of the Second World War ;  although its use did not gain public attention until the Vietnam War.
Setting fuel aflame releases usable energy. Wood was a prehistoric fuel, and is still viable today. The turbines then spin an electric generator to produce electricity.
Fire is also used to provide mechanical work directly, in both external and internal combustion engines.
The unburnable solid remains of a combustible material left after a fire is called clinker if its melting point is below the flame temperature, so that it fuses and then solidifies as it cools, and ash if its melting point is above the flame temperature.
Wildfire prevention programs around the world may employ techniques such as wildland fire use and prescribed or controlled burns. Controlled burns are fires ignited by government agencies under less dangerous weather conditions.
Fire fighting services are provided in most developed areas to extinguish or contain uncontrolled fires. Trained firefighters use fire apparatus , water supply resources such as water mains and fire hydrants or they might use A and B class foam depending on what is feeding the fire.
Fire prevention is intended to reduce sources of ignition. Fire prevention also includes education to teach people how to avoid causing fires.
Purposely starting destructive fires constitutes arson and is a crime in most jurisdictions.